Millet poorly absorbs nutrients from the soil, so mineral fertilizers are one of the necessary factors for high yield. To generate one ton of grain millet is necessary 30-32 kg of nitrogen fertilizer, 13-15 kg of phosphate, 20-34 kg of potassium, 10-13 kg of calcium. A well-chosen norms and nutrition scheme increase the yield by 5-9 centners per hectare.
The best assimilation of fertilizers occurs during the main and row fertilization, as well as during fertilization of millet during the growing season. The culture also uses the after-effect of organic fertilizers that were introduced during predecessors.
Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers should be introduced in the fall during the pre-plowing period in doses of 60-70 kg/ha (zone of Polissya) 40-60 kg/ha (wooded steppe), 40-50 kg/ha of phosphorus and 30-40 kg/ha of potassium (steppe zone). For the saline steppe soils is not recommended the introduction of potassium fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers are introduced in the spring during the first cultivation at the rate of 50-79 kg/ha.
On the black earths row fertilization during sowing is performed using superphosphate at a dose of 10-15 kg/ha, on podzolic soils use complex mineral fertilizer at a dose of 10 kg/ha of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Under-root fertilization is performed using nitrogen and complex fertilizers before the leaf-tube formation.
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