Among cereal crops wheat is the most demanding to the regime of fertilization. The yield and quality of grain largely depends on providing plants with nitrogen. Scheme of wheat fertilizing should solve two problems: the right distribution of mineral fertilizer norm at several stages of plant growth and determine the optimal doses of fertilizers based on soil-climatic zones, crop rotation and features of a variety of wheat.
For the wheat fertilization are suitable the majority of types of nitrogen fertilizers. Ammoniac saltpeter works best for fertilizing in the spring, carbamide – for foliar fertilization, ammonium forms of fertilizers, due to resistance to washing out, – for autumn fertilization of plants.
Phosphorus affects the formation of a strong root and generative systems of wheat, improves the graininess of spikes. The main amount of it the plant absorbs before the start of heading stage.
Potassium supply is extremely important to ensure the sustainability of wheat to temperature regime, the formation of a strong stem and increase of yields in general. Potassium mineral fertilizers are able to prevent the formation of root rot, stem thinning of plants and lodging of crops caused by excess nitrogen.
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